Cosmos – the flower of October. What does this plant symbolize?

Pink flowers
Cosmos flower

Did you know that cosmos flowers are one of the easiest ones to grow? You can literally plant them anywhere and you’ll probably have them blooming in no time. If you like these flowers, stay with us for a while. We are going to talk about the cosmos flower meaning, origins, history, and other interesting facts.

History of cosmos flower

Cosmos is native to Mexico, where most of its 20 species grow. But it also occurs in the U.S, and South Africa where it was imported from Argentina.

During the 16th century, large quantities of cosmos flowers were brought back to Spain from Mexico by Spanish explorers. Then, the collected cosmos seeds were brought to England by an English ambassador’s wife in 1789.  Finally, in the mid-1800s, cosmos flower was introduced to the gardens of the U.S.

Cosmos bipinnatus
Image via lostinblooms

Spanish priests planted cosmos flowers in gardens during their missions. Apparently, they were so impressed by the flower’s evenly placed petals, that they gave it a name ‘Cosmos’. It is a Greek word meaning ‘order and harmony of the universe’.

Cosmos flower meaning

The most important cosmos flower meaning comes from its name. The Greek word ‘kosmos’ represents the world and order. Greeks believed that the world was in perfect harmony. So, the Spanish explorers who gave this flower the name of cosmos should have been very fascinated by its harmonious petals. Cosmos flower represents harmony and order. They also symbolize peace and tranquility.

In the language of flowers, cosmos is the symbol of love and innocence. Other cosmos flower meanings include beauty, balance, modesty, joy.

Pink cosmos flowers
Image via rassy_kun

The scent of the flower and its bright colors are also the reasons why cosmos flower is a symbol of peacefulness and wholeness.  The chocolate cosmos flower means ‘I love you more than anyone could‘. So, here we have another cosmos flower meaning, which is love.

Cosmos is the October birth and the second wedding anniversary flower. As a symbol of a second wedding anniversary, it represents not what perfect love should look like, but reveals the power of love that lies within the second year of marriage

Some people believe that the cosmos flower is associated with the throat chakra. They believe that it helps those who have difficulty expressing thoughts or have a fear of public speaking. This image is related to the ‘bringing the order to chaos’ concept, which comes from the name of the cosmos flower.

The characteristics of cosmos

Cosmos flowers belong to the Compositae genus which has 20 known species. All of these species are the members of the Asteraceae family, including aster, sunflower, and daisy. The most popular species are Cosmos Sulphureus (blooms in yellow, red, and orange shades) and Cosmos Bipinatus (blooms in white or pink shades). As already mentioned, cosmos flowers are native to Mexico but are spread all over the U.S. and Europe. Cosmos flowers bloom from summer to fall and come in many different colors: yellow, orange, pink, red, white, cherry and others.

Cosmos flowers grow easily in warm climates. They tolerate almost any soil and doesn’t even need much watering. Although the blossoms will grow bigger if you will water them regularly. Cosmos flower won’t be a superstar of your garden, but it will definitely highlight the beauty of your other flowers and will make beautiful harmony.

Cosmos flower meaning
Image via kejson

Cosmos are the flowers of warmth and are very vulnerable to cold. So, make sure you plant them in mid-June at the earliest. But the good news is that they grow pretty fast. It takes about 70-80 days for them to fully mature. Another thing worth mentioning, is that cosmos flowers grow faster when you cut them off regularly.

Medicinal properties of cosmos flower

Although we know cosmos flower mostly as an ornamental plant, turns out it has a long traditional use in Brazil for treatment of malaria. Cosmos contains butein which has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Cosmos flower used to be one of the main sources of yellow dyes in Central and South America until the Columbian era. This flower also contains quercetin which has antiviral properties. You can use it to treat sore muscles and skin problems

Image via nk_mono_man

Cosmos caudatus commonly known as the king’s salad has bioactive compounds such as ascorbic and chlorogenic acids. Researchers have found that  Cosmos Caudatus also has many medicinal properties. It has anti-diabetic activity, anti-inflammatory response, it protects bones, and has anti-microbial properties as well. Studies have shown that all of these properties worked well on animals and didn’t have any negative effects.

In the past, people used the king’s salad to boost blood circulation, strengthen their bones, treat various infections, and reduce body temperature. Also, it was used as an anti-aging remedy. We can also find the king’s salad in many Indonesian and Malay cuisines. People use their leaves mainly for salads.

Other facts about cosmos

Cosmos flowers in a jug
Image via emka40
  • Cosmos is a perfect plant to attract bees and butterflies.
  • These flowers don’t require a lot of caring, so it is a suitable choice for beginner florists. Just make sure they get enough sun, drainage, and warmth. They will do fine in average soil. Don’t put fertilizers or they will grow very tall and won’t look good.
  • Cosmos flower is beautiful and ornamental. It’s a traditional cottage garden plant. So, plant them if you want to decorate your garden even more.
  • They also make beautiful cut flowers. That’s why you can often find them in various flower bouquets and arrangements. It’s a perfect gift for a child who is going to born in October since it is the flower of this month. As we’ve mentioned before, it is the second wedding anniversary flower, so make sure to get a cosmos bouquet for such occasion.
  • When cut, cosmos can last up to five days in a vase. Add some other stems with buds and you will have a beautiful bouquet that will last for a week.
  • Cosmos is one of the most popular flowers grown in the U.S.
  • Most of the bugs don’t like the taste of cosmos, so they don’t eat them even in their seedling stage.

Cover image via samudri8